Content of the material
- Products & Services
- What Are the Symptoms of ADHD Tics?
- Call 911 for signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis,
- Can ADHD Cause Tics?
- What Are the Common Tic Disorders?
- What steps do I need to take for signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis?
- Allergic rhinitis
- Exogenous allergens
- Endogenous allergens
- Probiotics and Allergies
Allergies occur when your immune system reacts to a foreign substance — such as pollen, bee venom or pet dander — or a food that doesn’t cause a reaction in most people.
Your immune system produces substances known as antibodies. When you have allergies, your immune system makes antibodies that identify a particular allergen as harmful, even though it isn’t. When you come into contact with the allergen, your immune system’s reaction can inflame your skin, sinuses, airways or digestive system.
The severity of allergies varies from person to person and can range from minor irritation to anaphylaxis — a potentially life-threatening emergency. While most allergies can’t be cured, treatments can help relieve your allergy symptoms.
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There are few preventive strategies for tic disorders. There is some evidence that maternal emotional stress during pregnancy and severe nausea and vomiting during the first trimester may affect tic severity. Attempting to minimize prenatal stress may possibly serve a limited preventive function.
Similarly, because people with tic disorders are sensitive to stress, efforts to maintain a low-stress environment can help minimize the number or severity of tics (e.g., reducing the number of social gatherings, which can provoke anxiety). This approach cannot prevent tics altogether, and must be undertaken with an awareness that it is neither healthful nor advisable to attempt to eliminate all stressful events in life.
What Are the Symptoms of ADHD Tics?
The symptoms of ADHD tics vary from person to person and the severity of the condition. However, the most common symptoms include:
- Eye blinking
- Repeated head movements
- Repeating words, sounds, or phrases
- Facial expressions
- Constant grunting
- Eye rolling
- Touching objects or people
There is a strong link between ADHD and tics since people with ADHD are more likely to have conditions that cause tics. In addition, tics are among the symptoms of ADHD. People with ADHD tend to experience sudden random movements and they make loud involuntary sounds for no apparent reason. Patients may have episodes of repeated head twitching, eye blinking, coughing, and sniffing.
Despite the strong connection between ADHD and tics, ADHD does not cause tics. Apparently, tics can and go with age and many ADHD patients outgrow the condition later in life. If the condition does not subside with time, then your doctor might consider prescribing non-stimulant medications for ADHD to help manage the condition. Some common non-stimulants prescribed for ADHD tics are clonidine and guanfacine.
Stimulant medications may or may not reduce the symptoms of uncontrolled tics. Taking stimulants may cause tics to appear or become worse in some patients while it may help tic disorders in other patients.
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Call 911 for signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis,
such as trouble breathing, swelling in your mouth or throat, or wheezing. You may also have itching, a rash, hives, or feel like you are going to faint.
Can ADHD Cause Tics?
ADHD in itself does not cause tics but patients with ADHD are more likely to experience tics. In any case, many people with ADHD have other conditions like Tourette Syndrome and ASD that cause tics. For this reason, many people assume that ADHD is the cause of these involuntary movements and sounds.
Moreover, tics are a symptom of ADHD and other similar conditions and they do not last longer than one year. If your child is experiencing tics very often every day and the condition lasts longer than a year then you should take them for a medical check-up to rule out conditions like Tourette Syndrome.
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What Are the Common Tic Disorders?
The majority of tics are not severe. So they have very little effect on a person’s quality of life. In some instances, though, tics may occur often enough to be disruptive and troubling. When they do, they can affect many areas of a person’s life, including school, work, and social life.
An allergy starts when your immune system mistakes a normally harmless substance for a dangerous invader. The immune system then produces antibodies that remain on the alert for that particular allergen. When you’re exposed to the allergen again, these antibodies can release a number of immune system chemicals, such as histamine, that cause allergy symptoms.
Common allergy triggers include:
- Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold
- Certain foods, particularly peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish, eggs and milk
- Insect stings, such as from a bee or wasp
- Medications, particularly penicillin or penicillin-based antibiotics
- Latex or other substances you touch, which can cause allergic skin reactions
What steps do I need to take for signs or symptoms of anaphylaxis?
- Immediately give 1 shot of epinephrine only into the outer thigh muscle.
- Leave the shot in place as directed. Your healthcare provider may recommend you leave it in place for up to 10 seconds before you remove it. This helps make sure all of the epinephrine is delivered.
- Call 911 and go to the emergency department, even if the shot improved symptoms. Do not drive yourself. Bring the used epinephrine shot with you.
XL and XW are joint first authors.
Contributors XL: methodology, software, investigation, writing-original draft. XW: methodology, formal analysis, software, writing-original draft. XZ: investigation, formal analysis. AC: conceptualization, resources, project administration, funding acquisition. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
Funding This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81871076) and Shandong Natural Science Foundation (ZR2017LH038).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
One of the first symptoms of allergy that amenable to unconventional treatment is an allergic rhinitis. It can be seen as a neuroreflex disease, or a local anaphylactic reaction to an allergen. The slightest irritation of the nerve endings of the nasal cavity leads to a violent reaction of the nasal mucosa. The reaction can be caused by a strong odor, pollen and household allergens. As symptoms of allergy, watery-mucous discharge, sneezing, nasal congestion appear, but there is no inflammatory process in the mucous membrane, which is called an allergic rhinitis. Vasomotor rhinitis can be seasonal – hay rhinitis, or perennial vasomotor allergic rhinitis.
For the drug treatment of allergic rhinitis, calcium preparations and antihistamines are used – Diphenhydramine, Pipolfen, Suprastin. Treatment with alternative medicine has a positive effect when taking decoctions of medicinal herbs. An allergic rhinitis caused by a household allergen is well treated with a decoction that includes St. John’s wort. To prepare the broth, take 5 parts of St. John’s wort, 4 parts of centaury, 3 parts of dandelion root, and 1 part of horsetail, chamomile and corn stigmas. Plants are poured with a glass of cold water and brought to a boil, insisting for 1 hour, use 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
With hay rhinitis, it is recommended to gargle and rinse the nasal passages with a weak Infusion of motherwort or clean water. This procedure should be carried out after every time you go outside.
Allergens can be various substances and compounds, both simple bromine or iodine, and complex – proteins, polysaccharides and their combination. Distinguish between exogenous allergens, that is, entering the body from the outside, and endogenous, which are formed in the body itself. Depending on the group of allergens, various reactions and allergic diseases develop, requiring timely and correct treatment.
Substances that cause an allergic reaction when ingested or in contact with it can be of both infectious and non-infectious origin. Exogenous allergens, the ingestion of which causes damage to organs and systems, are divided into several groups.
- Biological allergens. This group includes microbes, viruses, fungi, helminths, serum and vaccine preparations. Diseases caused by biological allergens are classified as infectious and allergic. The source of the disease can be a focus of infection in the body – carious teeth, cholecystitis, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Helminthiasis acts as an allergen due to the penetration of decay products and vital activity of helminths into the bloodstream, a reaction occurs when the body is intoxicated.
- Household allergens. This group includes house dust, dust mites, fungi that form in damp rooms, and particles of domestic insects. When ingested through the respiratory tract, they cause allergic diseases such as allergic (vasomotor) rhinitis, bronchial asthma.
- There is also a reaction to epidermal allergens – hair, wool and animal dander. Cases of reactions to household chemicals, in particular to washing powders and detergents, have become more frequent.
- Pollen exogenous allergens. Allergic reactions to pollen are the most common. Allergenic properties are possessed by pollen of some species of wind-pollinated plants not exceeding 35 microns in diameter. Symptoms of pollinosis occur – conjunctivitis, runny nose, swelling, skin rashes. The combination of these reactions is called hay fever. The strongest pollen allergen is the pollen of the ragweed weed. In order to prevent allergies, an annual mass destruction of this plant is carried out.
The main allergenic plants in Russia
- Food allergens. This group includes almost all food products. Food allergies are most often caused by such foods as milk, eggs, meat, fish, tomatoes, citrus fruits, chocolate, strawberries and crayfish. When an allergen enters the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, diarrhea appears, and later allergy symptoms – urticaria, fever. In children, food allergy manifests itself in the case of overfeeding, its sign of a rash, diathesis. In some cases, intolerance to certain foods is not an allergic reaction. It is associated with a lack of certain enzymes in the gastric juice, which leads to disturbances in the functioning of the digestive system, similar to food allergies.
Major food allergens
- Industrial allergens. Reactions to this group of substances are manifested in the form of skin lesions – allergic occupational contact dermatitis. Such allergens include turpentine, mineral oils, nickel, chromium, arsenic, tar, tannins, varnishes, insectofungicides. Also, in some cases, allergens of the industrial group are substances that include bakelite, formalin, urea, epoxy resins, detergents, aminobenzenes, quinoline derivatives, chlorobenzene. Often, an allergic reaction occurs to cosmetics with a chemical composition, these are dyes for hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, perfumes, shampoos and others. Allergies can occur with prolonged contact with any of the industrial substances, so it often occurs in people working in the chemical industry.
- Medicinal allergens. An allergic reaction can occur to any drug, in each case, various reactions develop, all four types of hypersensitivity of the immune system to drugs are presented. The reaction occurs only after mandatory preliminary sensitization of the body, and latent sensitization is possible. Drug allergy is characterized by pronounced polymorphism of manifestations, sudden development, and increasing severity of symptoms. The severity of the reaction is not related to the dose of the drug that caused the reaction. Anaphylactic shock, bronchial asthma, urticaria, Quincke’s edema, allergic rhinitis as a reaction to Penicillin, Analgin may develop, Novocain, vitamins. Serum sickness occurs when exposed to antibiotics, sulfonamides, hormones, drugs containing nitrofuran derivatives. Hemolytic reactions are caused by drugs of the pyrazolone series. Slow allergic reactions such as contact dermatitis may develop .
In some cases, the tissues of the organism itself, the tissue of the lens of the eye, the myelin of the nervous tissue, the tissue of the thyroid gland and the testicles, can act as allergens. A special group of endogenous allergens are physical factors in which substances that cause an allergic disease are formed in the body. Such factors can be heat, cold, mechanical irritation, burns, radiation exposure and the products of exposure to microbes or viruses with body tissues. Under the influence of external factors, the body produces proteins with altered confirmation, to which an allergic reaction occurs. Such changes can occur in some diseases, the most common reactions in rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune diseases.
Probiotics and Allergies
By eradicating so much of our contact with these germs, the theory holds that there are two main negative consequences: First, our bodies have not had the chance to develop antibodies that would be natural resistance to common allergens. This leaves people susceptible to reactions (or overreactions) to allergens that they should have built up tolerance to.
Secondly, not only have our immune systems not had the opportunity to develop antibodies, but they have been severely unemployed. Researchers believe that since our immune systems are designed to be active, when they aren’t busy fighting off diseases or bacteria-ridden food, they begin to attack much less serious offenders. For example, pollen and dander are attacked creating the chain of reactions that we know as allergies. In other words, the lack of contact with bacteria has left the immune system abnormally idle, leading to malfunctions like allergic reactions. This is discussed in an ABC News article called Taking Probiotics Could Prevent Allergies. These allergies can range from mild irritation to severe chronic conditions.
Furthermore, it not only is the consumption of clean food that reduces the amount of bacteria we are exposed to that affects what bacteria we have in our gut, but also the type of food matters. As reported in Fox News in Could Gut Germs Underlie Western Allergies?”, researchers are finding that the consumption of sugar, animal fat, and calorie-dense foods in industrialized countries also greatly limits the adaptive potential of beneficial microbes. According to a study done comparing the germs living in the guts of children in Italy and in the children of a remote village in Burkina Faso, a lack of intestinal bacteria seems to significantly contribute to the higher rates of allergies found in wealthier, industrialized countries.
The NIH also reports on a studies involving children in Burkina Faso, breastfed up to age two and raised on a diet rich in whole grains, legumes, and vegetables with very little meat, who had much more bacteria in their guts (for example, many bacteria that help to break down fiber). These microbes were lacking in the European children, who had a less diverse and more processed diet. The research team in this case concluded that a “reduction in microbial richness is possibly one of the undesirable effects of globalization and of eating generic, nutrient-rich, uncontaminated foods.” This “reduction in microbial richness” through a Western diet of limited, processed, and sterile food greatly contributes to a varied growth of healthy gut bacteria.
This decreased biodiversity of organisms helps to explain our much higher incidence of allergies. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and cleaner food may have greatly reduced and eliminated infectious diseases in developed countries, but our consequent lack of exposure to bacteria has created the opportunity for other ailments to arise.
Abraham, Karl. (1954). Contribution to a discussion on tic. In Selected papers of Karl Abraham, M.D. (pp. 323-325; Douglas Bryan and Alix Strachey, Trans.). London and New York: Basic. (Original work published 1921)
Ferenczi, Sándor. (1926). Psycho-analytical observations on tic. In The selected papers of Sándor Ferenczi, M.D., vol. 2: Further contributions to the theory and technique of psychoanalysis (John Rickman, Comp.; Jane Isabel Suttie et al., Trans.). New York: Basic. (Original work published 1921)
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